- Horrors of the World War II and its aftermath. War Crimes and International Legal System.
- Auschwitz-Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp
- International Court of Justice
- International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
- International Criminal Court, etc
The Nuremberg and Tokyo Tribunals which prosecuted so called war criminals were a response to the overwhelming horrors of the Nazi genocide in Europe and the Japanese occupation of South-East Asian region. The effort to establish a permanent international criminal tribunal had already commenced with the League of Nations but it has only recently become a reality by concluding the Roman Statute to establish the International Criminal Court. Major purposes of Public International Law is said to consist basically of preventing wars or regulating wars. But the reality so far has turned out to be that International Law seems to be basically ineffective in both of those purposes. In order to effectively regulate international armed conflicts, institutions empowered to prosecute and punish individuals who have committed serious violations of international humanitarian law have been much expected. This expectation has become reality, first when the United Nations Security Council established two ad hoc Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, and the second when the Roman Statute was concluded and the International Criminal Tribunal has been established by it.
During our field trip, we visit some of the major places devastated during World War II and also visit the International Court of Justice, International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and International Criminal Court. By visiting those courts, we shall learn how traditional international disputes and international crimes are legally dealt with according to relevant international law rules and procedures and also realize defects and shortcomings of those legal procedures.