International Studies students in their second year sign-up for seminars taught by individual faculty members in the department. No matter which seminar they join, the students will be directly taught by their professor in a small-sized class. Seminars are a place where students sharpen their insights and deepen their awareness of international issues through discussions and debates with their instructor and seminar colleagues. Students also work with other professors, and they can seek guidance and advise during faculty office hours. Approximately half of the seminars hold Field Studies in and outside of Japan. Many seminars are conducted in Japanese, but some professors make extensive use of English readings and research materials which prepares students for study abroad. Some students in these seminars also write their graduation projects in English.